- What is the purpose of the fencing project? Will this project benefit current management practices?
- Does the fence design complement livestock species, type, and size?
- Does the fence design fit within a predetermined budget? Will the benefits pay for the costs of the project?
- Is fence height sufficient for livestock?
- Is wire type adequate? Barbed wire, box wire, field fence, electric strand, barbless wire. Some wires may be more dangerous for some livestock species than others.
- Is wire and/or post spacing adequate for livestock species/size? Smaller livestock need smaller spacing. Calves may crawl through wires with too much spacing. Legs injuries are possible with too little spacing.
- Is fence design durable for the landscape and terrain? Within one stretch of fence, terrain may change between flat stretches, steep hillsides, water crossings, wooded areas, and swamps. Each may require slight changes in fence specifications.
- Is fence design durable against pressure from livestock? In areas with increased stock density or smaller widths, livestock pressure will increase upon fences. Wire should be placed between posts and the heaviest pressures (i.e. the inside of an alley or the uphill side of a slope).
- Livestock Fencing Systems for Pasture Management from Mississippi State Extension
- Grazing Systems and Pasture Management database from USDA NAL
- Rotational Grazing: Livestock Systems Guide from National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service
- Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management from TheCattleSite.com
Management Practices for Small Beef Herds from University of Arkansas Extension
Fencing Materials for Livestock Systems from Virginia Extension
Cattle Handling and Working Facilities from Ohio State Extension
Permanent Fencing Costs from Minnesota Extension